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what is a mustang

[90], The Ford Mustang was announced as the replacement for the Ford Falcon FG X in the 2019 Supercars Championship, which is being contested in Australia and New Zealand. [53] The development cost for redesigning the components and setting up the production process was A$4,000,000. in.) In 1987 Saleen Autosport Mustangs driven by Steve Saleen and Rick Titus won the SCCA Escort Endurance SSGT championship, and in International Motor Sports Association (IMSA) racing a Mustang again won the GTO class in the Daytona 24 Hours. [75], Euro NCAP Crash-tested the LHD (Left Hand Drive) European version of the 2017 Mustang which received only two stars due to the lack of auto safety features such as lane assist and auto braking. It’s sure to conjure up many memories. n. A small, hardy wild horse of the North American plains, descended from horses brought to America by Spanish explorers and European settlers. [78] The 5.0 L V8 gets a power increase to 460 hp (343 kW) and 420 lb⋅ft (569 N⋅m) of torque. Yes, the Ford Mustang is a very good sports car. Pierce, Kate (May 26, 1994) "Name That Car," Automotive, page C. Mustang 5.0 and 4.6, 1979–1998 By Matthew L. Stone, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Twin Independent Variable Cam Timing (TiVCT), Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Official Ford Mustang 2017 (reassessment) safety rating", "Mustang milestone: 10 millionth 'Stang gallops off assembly line", "Was the Ford Mustang named after a horse? The larger body with an increased wheelbase yielded more interior space for four passengers, especially in the back seat, as well as a larger capacity trunk and a bigger engine bay. In continuous production since 1964, the Mustang is currently the longest-produced Ford car nameplate. One of the Ford Motor Company's pride and joy, the Mustang is well known for their classic years in the mid 1960s to the early 1970s. It was rated at 550 hp (410 kW; 558 PS) and 510 lb⋅ft (690 N⋅m) of torque.[64]. Performance was reduced, and despite the car's new handling and engineering features the galloping mustang emblem "became a less muscular steed that seemed to be cantering.[44]. Learn more. Year / Model / Trim Base MSRP Adj. Defining What A Mustang Is Requires A History Lesson; Mustang Mach-E Will Be Part Of That History Five Things To Know About the 2021 Mustang … The Mach 1 remained through the life cycle 1974–1978. In 1985 John Jones won the 1985 GTO drivers' championship; Wally Dallenbach Jr., John Jones and Doc Bundy won the GTO class at the Daytona 24 Hours; and Ford won its first manufacturers' championship in road racing since 1970. The sixth generation Mustang was unveiled on December 5, 2013, in Dearborn, Michigan; New York, New York; Los Angeles, California; Barcelona, Spain; Shanghai, China; and Sydney, Australia. Ecoboost (direct-injection turbocharged) engine now serves as the base power plant for the Mustang, producing 310 hp (231 kW) and 350 lb⋅ft (475 N⋅m) of torque when using 93-octane fuel. In the second quarter of 2012, Ford launched an update to the Mustang line as an early 2013 model. [45], Body styles included a coupé (or notchback), hatchback, and convertible. That summer designers gathered to look at … These characteristics made enough difference to warrant designation of the 121,538 early versions as "1964½" Mustangs, a distinction that has endured with purists.[28]. Three class wins went to Lynn St. James, the first woman to win in the series. Mustangs competed in the now-defunct Grand-Am Road Racing Ford Racing Mustang Challenge for the Miller Cup series. Mustangs compete in the SCCA World Challenge, with Brandon Davis winning the 2009 GT driver's championship. [66], Changes include widened body by 1.5 inches, 1.4 inches lower body, trapezoidal grille, and a 2.75-inch lower decklid, as well as new colors. Though initially used in the 1994 and 1995 Mustang GTS, GT and Cobra, Ford retired the 302 cid pushrod small-block V8 after nearly 30 years of use, replacing it with the newer Modular 4.6 L (281 cu in) SOHC V8 in the 1996 Mustang GT. 1982 marked the return of the Mustang GT (replacing the Cobra) which used a specially-modified high-output 302 cu in (4.9 L) engine. But do you know the history of this iconic vehicle? See the full definition for mustang in the English Language Learners Dictionary, Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for mustang, Nglish: Translation of mustang for Spanish Speakers, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about mustang. The two Boss models were to homologate the engines for racing. [76][77], The 2018 model year Mustang was released in the third quarter of 2017 in North America and by 2018 globally. In 1970, Mustang won the SCCA series manufacturers' championship again, with Parnelli Jones and George Follmer driving for car owner/builder Bud Moore and crew chief Lanky Foushee. [9][10] Najjar co-designed the first prototype of the Ford Mustang known as Ford Mustang I in 1961, working jointly with fellow Ford stylist Philip T. A "Laguna Seca" edition was also available, which offered additional body bracing, the replacement of the rear seat with a steel 'X-brace' for stiffening, and other powertrain and handling enhancements. This use of common components also shortened the learning curve for assembly and repair workers, while at the same time allowing dealers to pick up the Mustang without also having to invest in additional spare parts inventory to support the new car line. It doesn’t require balancing a ball on your nose. 1974 models were: Hardtop, Hatchback, Mach 1, and Ghia. The outing included a 24-hour run on a 10-mile (16 km) course at an average speed of 157 mph (253 km/h). It took its maiden victory at Barber Motorsports Park in early 2011, with drivers Scott Maxwell and Joe Foster. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? The legendary Mustang R-SPEC local build program is almost complete, so this is the final call to get your hands on the most performance-focused, capable Mustang ever offered by Ford Australia. His lap times were only slightly off the pace of the F1 race cars. "[34] The 1971 Mustang was nearly 3 inches (76 mm) wider than the 1970, its front and rear track was also widened by 3 inches (76 mm), and its size was most evident in the SportsRoof models with its nearly flat rear roofline[35] and cramped interior with poor visibility for the driver. They are also grey, black, white, and tan. NASCAR insiders expected to see Mustang racing in NASCAR Sprint Cup by 2014 (the model's 50th anniversary). [60] The engine for base Mustangs remained unchanged, while GTs 4.6 L V8 was revised resulting in 315 hp (235 kW; 319 PS) at 6000 rpm and 325 lb⋅ft (441 N⋅m) of torque at 4255 rpm. New safety regulations by the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) for 1967 included an energy-absorbing steering column and wheel, 4-way emergency flashers, a dual-circuit hydraulic braking system, and softer interior knobs. [20] with production beginning in Dearborn, Michigan, on March 9, 1964;[21] the new car was introduced to the public on April 17, 1964[22] at the New York World's Fair. mustang meaning: 1. an American wild horse 2. an American wild horse. Original sales forecasts projected less than 100,000 units for the first year. mustang definition: 1. an American wild horse 2. an American wild horse. The car's American competition debut, also in 1964, was in drag racing, where private individuals and dealer-sponsored teams campaigned Mustangs powered by 427 cu in (7.0 L) V8s. The car driven by Bill Lawton won the class.[86]. For 1965 to 2004, the Mustang shared chassis commonality with other Ford model lines, staying rear-wheel drive throughout its production. aluminum block V6 engine weighed 40 lb (18 kg) less than the previous version. This switch back to standard headlamps was an attempt to tame the aggressive styling of the 1969 model, which some felt was too extreme and hurt sales, but 1969 production exceeded the 1970 total.[31]. Mustang vs Camaro: Strengths comparison . Currently in its sixth generation, it is the fifth-best selling Ford car nameplate. Executive stylist John Najjar, who was a fan of the World War II P-51 Mustang fighter plane, is credited by Ford to have suggested the name. In May 2016, the Mustang Owner's Museum was announced, with an official opening in Concord, North Carolina on April 17, 2019; the fifty-fifth anniversary. The Ford D2C stands for D-Class 2 Door Coupe and is one of the Ford's rear-wheel drive automobile platforms. The result was the continuation of the existing Mustang while the Mazda MX-6 variant had a last-minute name change from Mustang to Probe and released as a 1989 model. [81] It has 210–375 miles (340–605 km) of range and an updated Ford Sync system with a 15.5 inch display. Around this time, the Mustang was paired with a Mercury variant, called the Cougar, which used its own styling cues, such as a "prowling cat" logo and hidden quad headlamps. Carl Edwards won the first-ever race with a NASCAR-prepped Mustang on April 8, 2011, at the Texas Motor Speedway. Electric power steering replaced the conventional hydraulic version. in.) The NASCAR vehicles are not based on production models, but are a silhouette racing car with decals that give them a superficial resemblance to road cars. The early production versions are often referred to as "1964½ models" but all Mustangs were advertised, VIN coded and titled by Ford as 1965 models, though minor design updates in August 1964 at the formal start of the 1965 production year contribute to tracking 1964½ production data separately from 1965 data (see data below). From 1974 to 1978, the Mustang (denoted Mustang II) was a longer-wheelbase version of the Ford Pinto. That engine was ultimately replaced with a new 3.8 L V6 for 1983. The Mustang received a major restyling for 1987, including the interior, which carried it through the end of the 1993 model year. The coupe was marketed as the "Hardtop" but actually had a thin "B" pillar and rear quarter windows that did not roll down. [65] The internal project code name is S-550. [41], Iacocca wanted the new car, which returned the Mustang to its 1965 model year predecessor in size, shape, and overall styling,[42] to be finished to a high standard, saying it should be "a little jewel. The 335-hp 428 Cobra Jet V-8 was a big-block bully that vaulted the Mustang to the forefront of Detroit's muscle car race. Its special body-appearance parts were adapted by the Cobra package for 1980–81. "[34] "The cars grew in every dimension except height, and they gained about 800 pounds (363 kg). For 1999, the Mustang was reskinned with Ford's New Edge styling theme with sharper contours, larger wheel arches, and creases in its bodywork, but its basic proportions, interior design, and chassis remained the same as the previous model. Dick Trickle won 67 short-track oval feature races in 1972, a US national record for wins in a single season. [74], In May 2015, Ford issued a recall involving 19,486 of the 2015 Ford Mustang with the 2.3 L EcoBoost turbocharged four-cylinder engine with a production date between February 14, 2014, and February 10, 2015, that were built at the Flat Rock Assembly Plant. 2021 Ford Mustang vs. 2021 Chevrolet Camaro: Which is better? The car was available in coupé and hatchback versions, including a "luxury" Ghia model designed by Ford's recently acquired Ghia of Italy. The 1965 Mustang won the Tiffany Gold Medal for excellence in American design, the first automobile ever to do so. In 2010, the next generation Mustang race car was known as the Boss 302R. [24][25] A four-seat car with full space for the front bucket seats and a rear bench seat was standard. [27] This mark was surpassed in three months from rollout. It just costs a lot to get there. The new model, called the "Mustang II", was introduced on September 21, 1973, two months before the first 1973 oil crisis, and its reduced size allowed it to compete against successful imported sports coupés such as the Japanese Datsun 240Z, Toyota Celica and the European Ford Capri[39] (then Ford-built in Germany and Britain, sold in U.S. by Mercury as a captive import car). [79] In January 2018, Ford displayed a prototype of the special edition 2018 Bullitt model, to be released in the summer; this vehicle commemorated the 50th anniversary of the movie Bullitt that helped attract interest in the marque.[78]. Engines were revised for 2011, and transmission options included the Getrag-Ford MT82 6-speed manual or the 6R80 6-speed automatic based on the ZF 6HP26 transmission licensed for production by Ford. Developed under the watch of S. "Bunkie" Knudsen, Mustang evolved "from speed and power" to the growing consumer demand for bigger and heavier "luxury" type designs. Send us feedback. To achieve an advertised list price of US$2,368, the Mustang was based heavily on familiar yet simple components, many of which were already in production for other Ford models. The 1979 Mustang was based on the larger Fox platform (initially developed for the 1978 Ford Fairmont and Mercury Zephyr). [63], The Shelby GT500's 5.4 L supercharged V8 block was made of aluminum making it 102 lb (46 kg) lighter than the iron units in previous years. Mustang Also Known As: American feral horse, BLM (Bureau of Land Management) horse, Range horse The Mustang is a feral horse found now in the western United States. The passenger volume is increased to 84.5 cubic feet, wheelbase is still 8 ft. 11.1 in. All 2005 … Other transmissions were the RAD 4-speed with unique gearing for all three engines, and the C-3 automatic behind the 2.3 L and 2.8 L. The "5.0 L" marketing designation was not applied until the 1978 King Cobra model. This was after Takata announced that it was recalling 33.8 million vehicles in the U.S. for airbags that could explode and send metal pieces flying at drivers and passengers. The 4.6 L V8 was initially rated at 215 bhp (160 kW), 1996–1997, but was later increased to 225 bhp (168 kW) in 1998.[48]. An automobile awarded the GT designation by its manufacturer generally means the vehicle is high performance and, unlike a race car, features an interior built for comfort. Front and rear end styling was more pronounced, and the "twin cove" instrument panel offered a thicker crash pad, and larger gauges. In 2010 the Ford Mustang became Ford's Car of Tomorrow for the NASCAR Nationwide Series with full-time racing of the Mustang beginning in 2011. In response to poor sales and escalating fuel prices during the early 1980s, a new Mustang was in development. Ford's designers began drawing up larger versions even as the original was achieving sales success, and while "Iacocca later complained about the Mustang's growth, he did oversee the 1967 redesign. [3] Introduced on April 17, 1964[4] (16 days after the Plymouth Barracuda), over 400,000 units in its first year; the one-millionth Mustang was sold within two years of its launch. Due to the fact that the Mustang was never designed for right-hand-drive, Ford Australia contracted Tickford Vehicle Engineering to convert 250 Mustangs and modify them to meet Australian Design Rules per year. Changes introduced for 1975 included availability of an "MPG" model which had a different rear axle ratio for better fuel economy. A "Fastback 2+2", first manufactured on August 17, 1964, enclosed the trunk space under a sweeping exterior line similar to the second series Corvette Sting Ray and European sports cars such as the Jaguar E-Type coupe. (107.1 in. First-year sales were 385,993 cars, compared with the original Mustang's twelve-month sales record of 418,812. [23] A white convertible with red interior was used as product placement when the James Bond movie Goldfinger was released 17 September 1964 at its London premiere, where Bond girl Tilly Masterson was in a spirited chase with James driving an Aston Martin DB5 in the Swiss Alps. [84], The Mustang made its first public appearance on a racetrack as pace car for the 1964 Indianapolis 500. Wild horses are many colors. 1983 marked the return of the Mustang convertible after a nine-year absence. The Mustang was selected as the 1979 Official Indianapolis 500 Pace Car with replicas sold to the public. "[116] In particular, "movie glamour" assisted in establishing a positive association with the Mustang. It was to be a variant of the Mazda MX-6 assembled at AutoAlliance International in Flat Rock, Michigan. Technological genius A legend for its performance and style, Ford Mustang’s technology is powerful, too. The Mustang Mach-E as we know it today has become much more than just a zero-emission family hauler. The 1968 models also introduced a new 302 cu in (4.9 L) V8 engine, designed with Federal emissions regulations in mind. This opened a new chapter in both the Mustang's history and Ford's history. Whether you drove one in high school, owned one in college, or own one now, most Mustang owners have many fond memories of … The modern-day Stang is more sophisticated and powerful (read: better) than ever. In fact, Ford's decision to add it to the Mustang family of … [61] Other mechanical features included new spring rates and dampers, traction and stability control system standard on all models, and new wheel sizes. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. With 24 valves and Twin Independent Variable Cam Timing (TiVCT), it produced 305 hp (227 kW; 309 PS) and 280 lb⋅ft (380 N⋅m) of torque. The new styling by Patrick Schiavone incorporated several styling cues from earlier Mustangs. Baby horses are called foals. They average just under 15 hands at the shoulder, and rarely top 900 pounds. This vehicle employed the German Ford Taunus V4 engine. Mustang definition is - a small hardy naturalized horse of U.S. western plains directly descended from horses brought in by the Spaniards; also : bronc. The Ford Mustang began production five months before the normal start of the 1965 production year. 1984 introduced the high-performance Mustang SVO, which featured a 2.3 L turbocharged intercooled 4-cylinder engine and unique bodywork. Other changes in appearance and performance came with a "Cobra II" version in 1976–1978 and a "King Cobra" in 1978 of which 4,972 (approx) were built. Scott Pruett won the drivers' championship. Ford's senior vice president of design, J Mays, called it "retro-futurism." In continuous production since 1964, the Mustang is currently the longest-produced Ford car nameplate. The fifth-generation Mustang was manufactured at the Flat Rock Assembly Plant in Flat Rock, Michigan. In 2004, Ford Racing retained Multimatic Motorsports to design, engineer, build and race the Mustang FR500C turn-key race car. In 1975 Ron Smaldone's Mustang became the first-ever American car to win the Showroom Stock national championship in SCCA road racing. The Mustang was on the Car and Driver Ten Best list in 1983, 1987, 1988, 2005, 2006, 2011, and 2016. GT 350s won the B-Production title again in 1966 and 1967. Most are reddish brown. CJ's takes a look back at who Carroll Shelby was, the first Shelby Mustang and cars progression to today. Currently in its sixth generation, it is the fifth-best selling Ford car nameplate. Eggert, a breeder of quarterhorses, received a birthday present from his wife of the book, The Mustangs by J. Frank Dobie in 1960. The engine had 444 hp (331 kW; 450 PS) and 380 lb⋅ft (520 N⋅m) of torque. The base model came with a 3.8 OHV V6 3.8 L (232 cu in) engine rated at 145 bhp (108 kW) in 1994 and 1995, or 150 bhp (110 kW) (1996–1998), and was mated to a standard 5-speed manual transmission or optional 4-speed automatic. Delivered to your inbox! Through its production, multiple nameplates have been associated with the Ford Mustang series, including GT, Mach 1, Boss 302/429, Cobra (separate from Shelby Cobra), and Bullitt, along with "5.0" fender badging (denoting 4.9 L OHV or 5.0 L DOHC V8 engines). The Mustang would also have an effect on designs of coupés worldwide, leading to the marketing of the Toyota Celica and Ford Capri in the United States (the latter, by Lincoln-Mercury). Five of these special Mustangs made their competition debut at the 1965 NHRA Winternationals, where they qualified in the Factory Stock Eliminator class.

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